- Development Assistance
- Current Issues
Since 1999, Côte d’Ivoire has experienced political instability . The current president was elected in free and fair elections, and there is hope for consolidation of the democratic transition and lasting stability. Historically prosperous, the economy was significantly disrupted by years of political turmoil.
The United States Government works in close partnership with the Government of Côte d’Ivoire to support their goal of becoming an emerging country by 2020. The American people, through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), invest in different technical areas to build Ivorian capacity to achieve this goal. These programs further USAID’s global mission of partnering to end extreme poverty and promote resilient, democratic societies while advancing America’s security and prosperity.
USG Development priorities for Côte d’Ivoire
The Government of Côte d’Ivoire is able to project authority and good governance across its territory to provide security, services, and conditions for economic growth for its people, while remaining accountable, strengthening democracy and protecting human rights.
Over the next five years U.S. foreign assistance will focus on democracy and governance, security sector reform, and economic recovery, with an emphasis on reconciliation and human rights. Targeted assistance over the next five years to these critical areas will be the most effective strategy to assist Cote d’Ivoire to recover from the effects of conflict and support the Ivoirian Government’s goal of becoming eligible for a compact with the Millennium Challenge Corporation.
Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
Côte d’Ivoire has entered a period of strong growth and development after nearly a decade of conflict and violence. Peaceful presidential elections and follow-on legislative elections took place in 2015 and 2016. In order to maintain these economic and political gains, it is critical that the government work to gain the trust of citizens. USAID, in a bilateral agreement with the Ivoirian government, has been working to strengthen Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance in Côte d’Ivoire since 2012.
Economic Growth : Trade and Investment
USAID supports a regional approach to economic recovery in Côte d’Ivoire, with a focus on increasing trade volume and value and decreasing trade barriers that will help the country embrace the path of economic prosperity. Through the Trade Africa Initiative, USAID helps export-ready firms in targeted value chains to compete in trade, as well as work with regional partners to attract investment into the region so as to boost regional and global trade. USAID is also providing assistance to the Government of Côte d’Ivoire to meet their obligations under the World Trade Organization Trade Facilitation Agreement. Through Trade Africa, USAID promotes the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) to expand U.S.-Sub-Saharan African trade and investment, to stimulate economic growth, to promote a high-level dialogue on trade and investment-related issues, to encourage economic integration, and facilitate sub-Saharan Africa’s integration into the global economy.
In addition, USAID works in partnership with the European Union through the Property Rights and Artisanal Diamond Development project to promote a community based land tenure management and support best practices in artisanal diamond extraction.
Economic Growth : Energy
Power Africa in Côte d’Ivoire
Power Africa was launched in June 2013 as a market-driven, public-private partnership to add 30,000 MWs of new generation capacity and 60 million new connections in sub-Saharan Africa by 2030. Power Africa works with African governments and its 140 public and private sector partners to remove barriers that impede sustainable energy development in sub-Saharan Africa.
In Côte d’Ivoire, Power Africa works on:
● Supporting the development of new power generation
● Improving access to electricity
● Strengthening the capacity of energy sector institutions
● Mobilizing Partnerships & Investments
USAID’s health office works closely with other U.S. Government agencies to help save the lives of those affected by HIV/AIDS in Côte d’Ivoire through the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). As the largest U.S. monetary investment in the country, USAID’s PEPFAR programs include prevention and treatment, supply chain strengthening, community-based supports for HIV services, including orphans and vulnerable children, and the analysis of strategic information. Additionally, USAID is undertaking a Family Planning Project to increase demand for and access to quality family planning services; a Water and Sanitation Project to promote sustainable and access to clean water; implementing the Global Health Security Agenda to ensure health preparedness and infectious disease control. Recently, the United States has launched the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) in Côte d’Ivoire. Thanks to this program, USAID will contribute in partnership with national program to effective malaria prevention and control.
African Growth and Opportunities Act (AGOA) Resource Center
A critical component under the U.S. Government (USG) Development Assistance Priorities is helping the Government of Cote d’Ivoire (GoCI) to recover economically with increasing diversity, transparency, and inclusiveness. Cote d’Ivoire, with abundant human and capital resources, has the potential to rapidly re-develop a robust economy. The USG is promoting economic recovery through efforts to assist Cote d’Ivoire to: reduce and manage its debt, increase trade opportunities with the U.S., reduce regional transport costs for goods, and attract increased foreign direct investment.
Recently, Ambassador Carter officially opened the African Growth and Opportunities Act (AGOA) Resource Center in Abidjan. AGOA was enacted in May 2000 to expand U.S.-sub-Saharan African trade and investment, stimulate economic growth, promote a high-level dialogue on trade and investment-related issues, encourage economic integration, and facilitate sub-Saharan Africa’s integration into the global economy.
Specifically, AGOA provides reforming African countries that are making progress in implementing economic, legal and human rights reforms with the most liberal access to the U.S. markets available to any country or region with which the United States does not have a Free Trade Agreement. This enables eligible countries to export thousands of products to the United States duty-free. It supports U.S. business by encouraging reform of economic and commercial regimes, which will build stronger markets and more effective partners for U.S. firms (for more information please visitwww.agoa.gov). Cote d’Ivoire regained AGOA eligibility in 2011, and the AGOA Resource Center was opened by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) supported West Africa Trade Hub in partnership with the Ivoirian Export Promotion Agency (APEX-CI) to help private and public sectors to understand, implement, and maximize the benefits of AGOA, which will in turn help to expand business and create jobs. Specifically it aims to:
- Ensure dissemination of information on export opportunities and regulations to professional associations and businesses;
- Work with the government structures and the structures in charge of export promotion to implement policies to promote the development of value chains in high export potential sectors;
- Work with the West African Trade Hub to identify companies ready to export and provide information on market regulations;
- Provide companies with the right tools, such as market strategies, labeling, product promotion, and presenting at trade fairs;
- Disseminate trade fair and exhibition information to companies;
- Support trade fairs and facilitate visits of international buyers and investors.
For more information please contact the AGOA Resource Center located in the Residence Tropique 3, Boulevard de la Republique at 20 30 25 30.
Assisting Local Authorities to be More Responsive to their Citizens
The U.S. Government (USG) is working to support Ivoirian efforts to develop a government that is more transparent, inclusive, equitable, and accountable in delivering services to people as part of the work under our Transition Assistance Priorities. Developing an effective and responsive government is a tremendous challenge for Ivoirian leaders as the country has suffered not only as a result of the most recent crisis but from a civil war over the past decade.
USAID’s Office of Transition Initiatives’ Cote d’Ivoire Transition Initiative (OTI-CITI) supports projects across Cote d’Ivoire that help local authorities be more responsive to the needs of their citizens. In Bouake, OTI-CITI helped local government authorities to organize a half-day roundtable which gave city and prefectural authorities an opportunity to recognize the contributions of civil society, listen to grievances, and discuss concrete actions the state could take to improve its role as a service provider. During the civil war Bouake residents encountered significant hardships as factories closed, economic activities were paralyzed, and normal state services, such as health and education, ground to a halt. The roundtable allowed nearly 200 people representing over 50 associations, including vendors, farmers, motorcycle taxi drivers, human rights groups, women’s associations, and traditional chiefs to talk openly with local government officials about the recent past and how government can be more responsive to citizens.